Our brain and spinal column are the control center of our body. If these become damaged or altered, it can affect us in a variety of ways. With modern technology, our understanding of these effects is never-ending...

Treatment Of Neurological Diseases

Neurological diseases are those that are relate to the brain, spinal cord and the nerves, which connect the brain and the spinal cord to the rest of the body muscles. There are a large number of neurological diseases which include Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, epilepsy, brain aneurysms, frontotemporal dementia, etc. A lot of research is being conducted to find methods to cure these diseases Many of them, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, gradually worsen with age and lead to eventual death. Some like epilepsy and aneurysms need to be diagnosed and treated in time. Some of the methods of treatment are:

1. Brain mapping:

  • The human brain is one of the most complicated organs known till date. Even the smallest area has a significant function and the coordination between all the areas is an intriguing thing.
  • Till recently, neurologists had only a rough map of the brain. They were not able to map the brain to enough detail so as to be able to operate on it. Besides, as every brain is unique, there were always complications.
  • With the advancement of technology, advanced maps of the brain have been created as a method of treatment of neurological diseases. This detailed brain mapping technique enables neurosurgeons to operate on the rain without affecting other key areas of the brain.

2. Deep brain stimulation:

  • This method of treatment of neurological diseases was actually invented for the treatment of some very critical neurological disorders like Parkinson’s.
  • This is an advanced form of brain surgery that has been used for those with dyastonia, tremors associated with multiple sclerosis and depression.
  • This treatment of neurological diseases functions something like a pacemaker for the brain by using electrodes that are implanted into the brain to send signals to these parts of the brain that are associated with the disorders.

3. Gamma knife:

  • This device is an advanced method for treatment of neurological diseases. It uses radiation to treat brain tumor, Parkinson’s, arteriovenous malformations, trigeminal neuralgia, and many other neurological diseases and disorders.
  • This is a machine that gives out a single fine and a highly focused radiation dose to the target tissue, without harming the adjoining tissue in any way.
  • The abnormalities that are very small in size can be treated using this method.

4. Cyberknife:

  • This device is one of the most advanced forms of treatment of neurological diseases. It does not cause any harm or any pain. It directs single fine and high doses of tumors or lesions that are targeted precisely.
  • A robotic arm is sued to deliver the radiation.
  • As the robotic arm is flexible, it can treat crucial areas of the body such as the spinal cord, spine, medulla, etc, that are not treatable otherwise.

5. 3-D computer modeling:

This method of treatment of neurological diseases is used to target rare aneurysms. It is used to produce 3-D images of the aneurysm and of the blood flowing through the respective artery via the aneurysm. The blood flow is tracked by injecting a dye into the blood.