Our brain and spinal column are the control center of our body. If these become damaged or altered, it can affect us in a variety of ways. With modern technology, our understanding of these effects is never-ending...

List Of Neurological Diseases

The following list of neurological diseases has been categorized on the basis of the part of the body that is involved in the different conditions. There may be certain diseases that have been repeated in two separate categories considering the fact that they affect several parts.

List of Neurological Diseases of the Meninges:

The meninges are the coverings of the brain and spinal cord and the diseases that affect them include:

1. Meningitis:

  • Infectious: viral, bacterial, fungal
  • Chemically induced
  • Carcinomatous or meningitis caused due to spread of cancer

2. Cysts
3. Tumors or meningioma

List of neurological diseases of the myelin sheath:

The myelin sheath is the covering of the nerve fibers and the conditions affecting it are:

1. Demylenating conditions:

  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • HIV encephalopathy
  • PML or progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
  • Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis

2. Dysmyelinating conditions:

  • leukodystrophies


List of Neurological Diseases of the brain-tissue:

1. Vascular Diseases:
Infarct Stroke: lacunar, congenital, Binswager disease, mini-infarct dementia TIA or mini stroke
Bleeding stroke: lobar, gangial, basal, cerebellar

2. Epilepsy:

  • Generalized seizures: grand mal, primary and secondary generalized, petit mal, altonic, clonic, tonic, etc.
  • Partial seizures:
  • Special seizures: benign rolandic epilepsy, infantile spasms, reflex epilepsy, febrile seizure, status eplipticus, withdrawal seizures, gelastic seizures

3. Conditions due to Infections

  • Meningitis
  • Lyme disease
  • Encephalitis
  • HIV
  • Neurosyphilis
  • Brain abscess

4. Inflammatory Conditions:

  • Vasculitis
  • Lupus
  • Behcet’s Syndrome

5. Vascular abnormalities:

  • AVM
  • Venous angiomas
  • Cavernous hemangiomas
  • Aneurysm

6. Cognitive/degenerative/memory issues and dementia

  • Benign forgetfulness
  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Parkinsons Disease
  • Binswager type Dementia
  • Dementia with Lewy bodies

7. Traumatic brain injuries:

  • Brain concussion and contusion
  • Cranial and intercranial injuries
  • PTSD

8. Congenital:

  • Prosencephaly
  • Microencepahy
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Congenital hydroecephalus
  • Pachygyria
  • Parkinson’s Syndromes
  • Tremors
  • Tumors
  • Wilson’s Disease
  • Behcet’s syndrome
  • Vasculitis

List of Neurological Diseases of the Brain Stem:

1. Multiple sclerosis
2. Infectious: polio, rabies
3. Vascular: AVM, aneurysm
4. Inflammatory: vasculitis, lupus
5. Congenital: Dandy-Walker’s Syndrome

List of Neurological Diseases of the CSF or cerebrospinal fluid and ventricles:

1. Hydrocephalus
2. Tumors
3. Colloid cyst
4. Intercranial hypertension

List of Neurological Diseases of the Spinal Cord:

1. Radiculopathy
2. Spinal stenosis
3. Degenerative: ALS or amyotropic lateral sclerosis
4. Demyelnating: ADEM, multiple sclerosis
5. Infectious: AIDS, syphilis. Poliomyelitis, AIDS
6. Genetic: Freidreich’s ataxia, spinal muscular atrophy or SMA

List of diseases of the nerves:

1. Metabolic: uremic neuropathiesc, diabetes
2. Genetic: Dejerine Sottas, Charcoat Marie-Tooth Disease or CMT
3. Autoimmune: Guillian Barre, Lewis Summer Syndrome

List of neuromuscular Diseases:

1. LEMS or Lambert Eaton Myasthenia Syndrome
2. Congenital Myasthenia Syndrome
3. Drug induced myasthenia
4. Myasthenia Gravis

List of neurological diseases of muscles:

1. Inflammatory: dermatomyositis, poliomyositis
2. Endocrine: parathyroid and thyroid myopthies
3. Genetic: myotonic dystrophy, oculo pharyngeal dystrophy
4. Congenital: central-core muscle disease, nemaline rod

List of Neurological Systemic Diseases:

Polycystic kidney disease